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Tooth Tourism Blog

Monday, December 15, 2008

Dental Cavities

Dental Cavities is the destruction of the tooth structure (tooth decay), a disease known as Caries. Cavities form when your teeth is often exposed to starchy and sugary foods such as soda pop, candy, ice cream, milk, cakes, fruits, vegetables, and juices (foods containing carbohydrates). Bacteria in the mouth digest the deposits from these foods and turn them into acids. The bacteria, acid, food debris, and saliva combined forms plaque, which clings on to the teeth. The acids in plaque dissolve the enamel surface of the teeth, creating holes or indents in the teeth called cavities, or caries.

Whom do dental cavities affect?

Dental cavities affect everyone, especially children and young adults. Whenever gum tissue is pulled from the teeth, chances for gum disease increases, exposing tooth roots to plaque. Pregnant women craving sweet foods make them more susceptible to developing cavities.

In older adults, decay is formed around the edges of fillings because many older adults lacked the benefits of fluoride and modern preventive dental care. Over time, fillings may weaken and can fracture, allowing bacteria to build up in the tiny gap causing tooth decay.

How Do I Know if I Have a Cavity?

In advanced stages of tooth decay, you may experience toothache (especially after consuming sweet, hot, or cold foods or drinks). Visible pits or holes in the teeth are results of tooth decay.

Treatment

-If decay is not wide, the decayed portion of the tooth is removed by drilling and a filling made of silver alloy, gold, porcelain, or a composite resin is used to fill the open space.

-If the decay is extensive with limited tooth structure remaining, crowns are used after the repairs are made, fitting over the remainder of the tooth. Crowns are made from gold, porcelain, or porcelain fused to metal.

Prevention

-Oral hygiene is very important to prevent cavities. Regular cleaning in every 6 months, brushing at least twice a day, and flossing at least daily will result in good oral hygiene.

-Chewy, sticky foods are best if eaten as part of a meal rather than as a snack. Brush the teeth or rinse the mouth after eating these foods.

-Avoid constant sipping of sugary drinks or frequent sucking on candy and mints.

-Dental sealants can prevent cavities. Sealants are thin plastic-like coating applied to the chewing surfaces of the molars. This coating prevents the accumulation of plaque in the deep grooves on these vulnerable surfaces.

-Fluoride toothpaste or mouthwashes also protect the surface of the teeth.

How can I protect my teeth from cavaties?

You can protect your teeth from cavities by cutting down on sweets and between-meal snacks because these starchy and sugary foods put your teeth at extra risk. Also, brushing after each meal, flossing daily, and regular dental check ups is the best way to fight cavities.

Need to find a dentist? Let ToothTourism.com do the work for you. Our Canadian medical professionals have traveled the globe to meet English speaking board-certified dentists who welcome the dental tourist (that's you!)

Contact http://www.toothtourism.com/ today for more information on how you can find affordable dental treatments abroad. To speak with a Tooth Tourism representative call (toll free): 1-800-644-9124, Mon - Fri, 9am-5pm PST.

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